A refinery in Texas that processes crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGL) into transportation fuels, petroleum coke, NGL, and solvents, was experiencing severe vibration of the steam let-down valve on its NGL unit. The vibration caused frequent breakage of the stem and plug coupling, poor flow control especially at lower strokes, and excess noise.
The customer tried to reduce the vibration by adding concrete to the valve and piping supports, but when this did not solve the problem, the customer turned to IMI Critical Engineering.
An IMI Critical Engineering team analysed the valve operating conditions and the piping and system layout. This analysis found that the competitor’s valve design wasn’t suitable for the application due inadequate stages in the cage as well as loose fits and tolerances of the hanging cage design.
The engineers discovered that gas/steam passing through the valve trim was exiting at too high a velocity. This was causing the valve to vibrate, which was in turn causing fatigue in the valve trim and surrounding piping. There were additional challenges as the current valve was screwed into the seat ring with a hanging cage. It was also located between two 90° bends in the piping, resulting in more turbulence in the flow through the valve.
Our engineers recommended a new DRAG® trim to reduce the velocity of fluids exiting the valve. The redesign retained the screwed-in seat ring but moved to a compressed design for the disk stack (8” trim, 8” stroke with a cv of 764) which fitted the flow conditions of the valve. The stack incorporated 2-4 let-down stages to provide velocity control and reduce vibration. The disk stack was manufactured using IMI Critical’s Retrofit3D valve trim upgrade solution and fitted into the valve body.
Retrofit3D combines state-of-the-art additive manufacturing and traditional manufacturing methods to make precision-engineered solutions to complex operating conditions.
The trim kit (cage, stem, plug, seat and soft goods) was delivered and installed within eight weeks and, thanks to IMI Critical’s Retrofit3D solution, the valve has been operating reliably and efficiently ever since.