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Table of content:
- Chemical fluid handling
- Liquid chemicals
- Safe handling of liquid chemicals
- Liquid chemical storage
- Dangerous liquid chemicals
- Liquid chemical processing innovations
Chemical fluid handling
Many chemicals manufacturing processes request cost-effective separation, purification, and concentration of chemical liquids. Ensuring safe chemical fluid handling while maintaining a high quality of products is paramount.
A knowledge of fluid mechanics is essential for the chemical engineer because the majority of chemical-processing operations are conducted in the fluid phase.
Liquid chemicals requirements
Any industry that involves handling liquid chemicals must take great care to follow all safety regulations for hazardous materials. OSHA has specific requirements with reference to the safe handling and transporting of chemicals.
Chemical processing companies are required to have the right fluid handling equipment to minimize the possibility of accidents, contamination or exposure to toxic material.
Examples of chemical processing operations abound in the biochemical, chemical, energy, fermentation, materials, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, polymer, and waste-processing industries.
Safe handling of liquid chemicals
Here are some guidelines that can be useful to have while at work to ensure the safe handling of chemicals:
- Keep track of which liquid chemicals are being used in the business. Keep a list of the substances, the amounts being used, and the risks associated with them.
- This also applies to gather information and distributing it to those who need it. Current safety data sheets are one condition. There may be a need for special instructions and training to assure safe handling. To understand the risks, it is often necessary to carry out an overall risk analysis.
- Storing and using chemicals in a safe way is a further foundation for working with liquid chemicals.
- In continuing risk reduction work it is necessary to decide whether a particular chemical is really needed. In many cases, there can be another substance that is less hazardous to health and the environment, or perhaps a different method. Purchasing of chemical substances, therefore, requires special procedures.
Liquid chemical storage
How are liquid chemicals safely stored?
Proper storage of liquid chemicals are necessary for any factory or institutional setting. While small quantities of flammables can be stored in flammable cabinets, bulk or larger quantities of chemicals should be stored in chemical storage buildings.
Safe liquid chemical storage begins with inventory management. Proper inventory management is also necessary if emergency staff are to respond to a fire or chemical spill in the area.
All chemicals come with safety data sheets, that follow a standard format as
defined by OSHA in their Hazard Communication Standard.
When working with liquid chemicals, safe storage methods must be a priority.
Dangerous liquid chemicals
Any chemical, in either gas, liquid or solid form, that has the
ability to cause harm is referred to as a hazardous or dangerous chemical.
Some of these dangerous liquid chemicals, if you are exposed to them, may be dangerous to your health.
Some liquid chemicals may also have physical-chemical hazards, e.g. flammable, explosive or have additional hazards if they are mixed or stored with incompatible chemicals.
Chemicals can also have a negative effect on the environment if they are stored, used, or disposed of incorrectly.
Liquid chemical processing innovations
A common benchmark for liquid chemical processing innovations is the industry's expenditure on research and development (R&D).
Liquid chemicals and allied products have been heavily dependent upon the performance of scientific research.
A laboratory breakthrough is, however, very far from the availability of a saleable product.
Commercial success or failure in the chemical processing industry is largely a matter of what happens after a laboratory discovery.
In a liquid chemical company, especially organic chemicals, the development of innovative products depends on the findings of scientific experiments performed at the laboratory level.
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